Policies, measures and actions on climate change and
environmental protection in the context of COVID-19 recovery.
- Emergency measures in the short term (a few months to one year) to address concerns that have directly emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic and may include forced action.
- Socioeconomic measures in the medium term (one to a few years) with an environmental and climate focus to “build back better” from COVID-19, and usually involves planned, intentional action.
- Paradigm shifts and measures in the long term (more than a few years to a few decades) toward redesigning current socioeconomic and sociocultural systems to be sustainable and resilient.
1.Climate mitigation measures
OthersResponseUp until now the government has adopted two emergency aid packages to mitigate the direct effects of COVID-19 on the economy and to provide temporary liquidity support to businesses (e.g. loan support, tax deferrals) to avoid large scale increases in unemployment and insolvencies. The Netherlands' government has committed to firmly uphold the 2030 and 2050 mitigation goals, which ensure a green foundation under the economic recovery from COVID-19. The National Climate Agreement commits the government to reduce domestic GHG emissions by 49% in 2020 and the Climate Act includes a binding target to reduce domestic GHG emissions by 95% in 2050.Contact Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy
OthersRedesignThe government has announced several short term measures to mitigate the direct impact of COVID-19, e.g. delays, risks of too little capacity trough unemployment and weakened demand, on the implementation of the 2030 mitigation goal. Examples include: a)subsidies for acceleration of energy efficiency measures in industry; b) more time for implementation of subsidized sustainable energy projects; c) more time for local governments to set up projects to increase energy efficiency of homes; d) plans to stimulate use of cycling.Reference https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2020/06/19/kamerbrief-over-gevolgen-crisis-rondom-coronavirus-voor-klimaat--en-energiebeleid-en-taakopdracht-ambtelijke-studiegroep-invulling-klimaatopgave-green-dealContact Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy
OthersRedesignThe government is currently preparing its policies and measures for the economic recovery, including green investments required to strengthen the economy's sustainability. The package will be announced mid-September. It is expected plans will also be aligned with the EU's Recovery and Resilience Facility.Contact Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy
OthersResponseTo strenthen the resilience of the economy in the long term and support the transition to a climate neutral and circular economy, the government has announced the establishment of a 'fund for growth' (groeifonds) that will invest in a.o. education, research & development, innovation and infrastructure. Preparations are currently ongoing.Reference https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2019/12/13/kamerbrief-over-groeistrategie-voor-nederland-op-de-lange-termijnContact Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy
2.Climate adaptation measures
Adaptation planningResponsePrior to Covid-19, in 2016, the Netherlands had already adopted a National Climate Adaptation Strategy, delineating the urgent climate-risks that the Netherlands will face/could potentially face. While the strategy is developed to cover a wide array of risks, it is flexible and allows the government to shift priorities, based on the current developments (e.g. the outbreak of Covid)Contact Ministry of Infrastructure and Water
Citizens’ lives (behaviour change) / employmentResponseTogether with social partners plans are being developed to help workers unemployed as a result of the economic impact from COVID-19 move towards those sectors that are important for the implementation of the national Climate Agreement and where there are jobs available.Reference https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2020/06/19/kamerbrief-over-gevolgen-crisis-rondom-coronavirus-voor-klimaat--en-energiebeleid-en-taakopdracht-ambtelijke-studiegroep-invulling-klimaatopgave-green-dealContact Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment
GovernanceRedesignLocal governments have more time to submit regional energy strategies to ensure (virtual) participation from citizens and social partners in the process.Reference https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2020/06/19/kamerbrief-over-gevolgen-crisis-rondom-coronavirus-voor-klimaat--en-energiebeleid-en-taakopdracht-ambtelijke-studiegroep-invulling-klimaatopgave-green-dealContact Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy
Sustainable finance (public/private)/market mechanisms/carbon pricingResponse RecoveryThe Netherlands' Delta Fund was topped up with 100 million Euros, not only to address water issues related to adaptation, but also to address the broader impacts of climate change and other threats like sustainable economic recovery in the way of Covid-19.Contact Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management
COVID19 recovery and climate change adaptationResponse Recovery RedesignThe online Climate Adaptation Summit is hosted by the Netherlands on January 25, 2021. It will be a state of the art, climate neutral virtual conference, streamed worldwide over 24 hours with (online) anchoring events from cities around the world. It will build on the work of the Commission, delivering enhanced ambition, accelerated actions, and tangible solutions to the problems of a warming world. As the world aims to rebound and emerge better equipped from the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic, CAS Online will also provide a unique opportunity for leaders to promote integrated efforts to improve resilience.Reference https://climateadaptationsummit.gca.org/Contact Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management
COVID19 recovery and climate change mitigationResponse Recovery RedesignNL support for a sustainable and resilient recovery primarily targets multilateral institutions (via WBG, IMF, regional development banks) and multidonor initiatives (NDCP), supported by our diplomatic efforts. Coherent efforts are undertaken in governance of these institutions, engagement of our ministers, climate envoy and diplomatic representations abroad through a targeted diplomacy strategy, technical cooperation (e.g. ESMAP) and the participation in coalitions such as the NDC Partnership, the High Ambition Coalition, the Powering Past Coal Alliance, the Transport Decarbonization Alliance and the Leadership Group for Industry Transition. Our Dutch representations at multilateral financial institutions - together with like-minded countries - are actively pursuing strategic frameworks that apply the right priorities and criteria – so we can have an economic recovery powered by low carbon infrastructure, green jobs and resilient livelihoods. On the country level we aim to stimulate that with the support of these institutions countries can build back better and greener by investing in the decarbonisation of all economic sectors, in the transition to a circular economy and in climate adaptation and resilience. This complements our ongoing diplomatic efforts to ensure that multilateral development banks are Paris Aligned and phase out support to fossil fuels.Contact Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Burkina Faso
- Costa Rica
- El Salvador
- The European Commission
- The Marshall Islands
- New Zealand
- North Macedonia
- The Philippines
- Republic of Korea
- San Marino
- Sao Tome and Principe
- The United Kingdom