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Policies, measures and actions on climate change and
environmental protection in the context of COVID-19 recovery.

Spain Spain

Last update2 Sept. 2020

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Minister for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge

Teresa Ribera

Categories

Response
Emergency measures in the short term (a few months to one year) to address concerns that have directly emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic and may include forced action.
Recovery
Socioeconomic measures in the medium term (one to a few years) with an environmental and climate focus to “build back better” from COVID-19, and usually involves planned, intentional action.
Redesign
Paradigm shifts and measures in the long term (more than a few years to a few decades) toward redesigning current socioeconomic and sociocultural systems to be sustainable and resilient.

1.Climate mitigation measures

  • Transition to renewable energy

    Redesign
    Spanish National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030 (NECP): This Plan has been elaborated to comply with the EU Regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action (EU)2018/1999. To meet the EU’s energy and climate targets for 2030, EU countries need to establish these 10-year integrated national energy and climate plans, addressing: energy efficiency; renewables; greenhouse gas emissions reductions; interconnections; and research and innovation. This approach requires a coordination of purpose across all government departments and it provides a level of planning that will ease public and private investment.
    The NECP includes a set of policies and measures (78) to achieve the Spanish objectives related to the energy transition. Specifically, PAMs included in the NECP will make it possible to reach the following results by 2030:
    23% GHG emissions reduction (vs. 1990)
    42% of renewable energy over final energy demand
    39,5% energy efficiency improvement
    74% of renewable energy in the power sector
    The PAMs are classified into five categories according to the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action, security of supply, the internal energy market, energy efficiency, decarbonization and research, innovation and competitiveness. The PAMs inludes an increasing of renewable energy in both the power sector and final energy uses, enhancing the energy efficiency in all sectors, remove barriers to increase competitivity of energy markets, and transversal measures such as research and innovation.
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    EU ETS: The EU emissions trading system (EU ETS) is a cornerstone of the EU's policy to combat climate change in the following sectors power and heat generation; energy-intensive industry sectors including oil refineries, steel works and production of iron, aluminium, metals, cement, lime, glass, ceramics, pulp, paper, cardboard, acids and bulk organic chemicals; commercial aviation; industrial production of nitric, adipic and glyoxylic acids and glyoxal; and aluminium production
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • Land sector

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Measures focusing on agriculture and livestock sectors, as part of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (Detailed information on page 119 of PNIEC's draft). Measures such as: Promoting arable crop rotation on unirrigated land; Adjusting the application of nitrogen to the needs of the crop; Frequent emptying of slurry from pig housing; Covering slurry ponds; Solid-liquid separation of slurry; Production of compost from the slurry solid fraction
    ContactMinistry of Agriculture, fisheries and food
  • Others

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Measures focusing on waste management, as part of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (Detailed information on page 121 of PNIEC's draft). Measures such as: Domestic or community composting; Separate collection of bio-waste for composting; Reduction of food waste; Increase in the separate collection of paper at municipal level; Increase in the separate collection of household used cooking oil; Increase in the separate collection of textiles; Management of biogas leaks from enclosed landfill; Use of woody pruning waste as biomass
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • Industry sector

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Measures focusing on Flurinated gases, as part of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (Detailed information on page 124 of NECP's draft). Measures such as: Replacement of facilities that use fluorinated gases that have a high Global Warming Potential (GWP) with other facilities that use gases that have a low or no GWP; Reduction of HFC emissions through measures at existing HFC facilities; Promoting the use of mildly flammable refrigerants with a low GWP
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • Land sector

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Measures focusing on increasing Forest sinks, as part of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (Detailed information on page 127 of NECP's draft). Measures such as: Regeneration of silvo-pastoral systems; Promoting poplars as replacements for agricultural crops in flood-prone areas; Creation of forest areas; Forestry activities to prevent forest fires; Forestry activities to prevent forest fires; Promoting sustainable coniferous forest management, application of thinning schemes to increase carbon removals; Hydrological-forest restoration in areas at high risk of erosion.
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • Land sector

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Measures focusing on increasing Agricultural sinks, as part of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (Detailed information on page 130 of NECP's draft). Measures such as: Promoting conservation agriculture (direct sowing); Maintenance of plant cover and the incorporation of pruning waste into the soil for woody crops;
    ContactMinistry of Agriculture, fisheries and food
  • Building sector

    Redesign
    Long Term Renovation Strategy
    This plan set the path to achieve a building renovation, in completely coherence with the NECP. It includes the PAMs to be implemented up to 2050 in the building sector to increase the energy efficiency and promote energy savings, by enhancing the retrofiting rate of buildings in Spain.
    ContactMinistry of Transportation, movility and Urban Agenda
  • Transition to renewable energy

    Redesign
    Long Term Strategy 2050
    The long term estrategy includes a path to achieve the climate neutrality in Spain by 2050. Starting from the objective scenario set in the NECP, includes the transformation of all the sectors in the economy up to 2050, describing a feasible scenario in the track to the climate neutrality.
    The draft of the Strategy is currently published and subject to public consultation.
    ContactMinistry for Ecological Transition and Demographic challenge
  • Transition to renewable energy

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Energy Storage Strategy
    Currently under development, this strategy identifies the barriers and challenges for an effective deployment of energy storage in all sectors, including specific measures to fill the existent gaps in the regulation and other aspects. The deployment of energy storage is one of the enablers to achieve a high penetration of renewable energies into the energy sector.
    ContactMinistry for Ecological Transition and Demographic challenge
  • Transition to renewable energy

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Hydrogen Roadmap
    Recently, the draft of the hydrogen roadmap has been ellaborated, and currently is submitted for public consultation. Hydrogen is one of the energy carriers fundamental for the decarbonization of some of the sectors in the path to climate neutrality.
    The Roadmap includes an assessment of the state of the Hydrogen development, in order to define the policies and measures required to achieve an effective deployment of this energy carrier, and setting minimum objectives for the deployment.
    ContactMinistry for Ecological Transition and Demographic challenge
  • Transition to renewable energy

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Self- Consumption Strategy
    Curently in development, the Self- Consumption Strategy carries out the definition of PAMS to the deployment of Self -Comsumption in the energy sector, in coherence with the objectives set in the NECP.
    ContactMinistry for Ecological Transition and Demographic challenge
  • Transition to renewable energy

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Biogas Roadmap
    Both NECP and Long Term strategy increases the use of renewable fuels. This Roadmap will asses the state of biogas detecting the challenges and barriers, to further set the necessary PAMs for an effective production and use of this fuel, in order to replace the fossil fuels use and reduce the external energy dependency.
    ContactMinistry for Ecological Transition and Demographic challenge
  • Transition to renewable energy

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Marine Wind Power and Marine Energy Roadmap
    In order to increase the participation of renewable technologies in the energy sector, it is necessary to develop the less mature technologies. Along the same lines, the Marine Energy Roadmap, currently in development, will set the PAMs to effectively develop these technologies, as well as ensure their deployment in the Spanish energy sector.
    ContactMinistry for Ecological Transition and Demographic challenge
  • Transition to renewable energy

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Royal Decree Law 23/2020 on the approval of measures on energy and other matters for the economic recovery
    The objective of the regulation is take advantage of the potential of renewable energies in terms of employement creation and energy activity, to promote the economic recovery afte the COVID19 crisis.
    This recently approved regulation identifies and removes administrative barriers for the effective development of renewable energies in the power sector, including a new procedure for the permits of connection to the grid of the electricity generation technologies that simplifies the precedent one. It aims to create the framework for an accelerated deployment of renewable energies, in order to leverage the investments in these technologies.
    The regulation also includes the definition of storage, aggregators and renewable energy communities into the Spanish legislation, and measures to boost the deployment of fast chagers for the electric vehicles, among other measures.
    ContactMinistry for Ecological Transition and Demographic challenge

2.Climate adaptation measures

3.Cross-cutting measures

  • ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Draft Climate Change and Energy Transition Bill. In May 19th the Government brough before the Parliament the first Draft Bill on Climate Change and Energy Transition to reach emissions neutrality no later than 2050: The text sets out Spain’s response, as a country, to the climate change challenge, guides action to incorporate objectives and instruments, and minimizes adverse impact on the economy, society and ecosystems; In a context of economic reactivation in view of COVID-19, the Draft Bill puts Spain in a position to make the most of the opportunities offered by the ecological transition in terms of modernising the economy, reindustrialization, job creation and attracting investment; This bill is needed to articulate other policies and measures. It must provide the institutional framework and be a point of reference to give all stakeholders, both public and private, certainty and stability, and mobilize climate action; The text has involved broad-based participation and provides, on the one hand a response to society’s general demands for solutions to the climate emergency, and on the other, to the suggestions and arguments put forward during the preparation process.
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Just Transition Strategy. It aims to be the main tool to maximise the employment and activity opportunities in transitioning towards a climate neutral economy, while accompanying the most vulnerable regions and workers. The main objectives of this Strategy are: To help make the most of the opportunities for employment generated by the transition to a green economy, improving competitiveness and social cohesion; to guarantee the harnessing of equal opportunities: gender, vulnerable groups, rural areas; to provide observation capacity on the status and trends of the labour market with regard to the Ecological Transition; to promote participatory sectoral forums; to produce sectoral plans in key economic sectors, analysing challenges, opportunities and threats, and designing the necessary measures to transform them; to evaluate and improve the existing business-support instruments of the Central State Administration (RDI support, financing, loans, guarantees, safeguards, training, etc.); to put forward adequate support policies (industrial, RDI, the promotion of economic activity, employment and occupational training, etc.) so that the Central State Administration, Autonomous Communities, Local Governments and social partners can work in a coordinated fashion; to minimize the negative impact on vulnerable areas by means of Just Transition Agreements and provide technical and financial support for their implementation, as in the Urgent Action Plan for Coal-mining Regions and Power Plant Closures
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • Urban/rural development (energy access etc.)

    ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    National Strategy against Energy Poverty 2019-2024 . This policy instrument offers -for the first time- an official definition of energy poverty; it establishes indicators for its monitoring and targets for its reduction (a minimum reduction target of 25% by 2025 and a goal of reaching a 50% reduction).
    To meet the objectives set, among other measures, the Strategy fixes the lines of the social energy bonus for vulnerable consummers, which must be automatic and cover all sources of supply. Actions are proposed in the short, medium and long term for the energy rehabilitation of homes and replacement of old appliances and equipment by efficient appliances.

4.Other environmental measures

  • Waste management and Circular economy / sustainable production and consumption

    "España Circular 2030" is the new Strategy for Circular Economy in Spain until 2030. It contains circular economy objectives and a series of strategic orientations for the period 2020-2030, including; a 30% reduction in the national consumption of resources and a 15% reduction in waste generation (as compared to 2010). The Strategy contributes to Spain's efforts to transition to a sustainable, decarbonized, resource-efficient and competitive economy and it will takes the shape of successive three-year action plans providing for concrete measures to deliver on circular economy. Although it is cross-cutting by nature, the Strategy focuses on six economic sectors: construction, agribusiness, fisheries & forestry, industrial production, tourism and garnment.
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • Measures related to ecosystem services / biodiversity / land use / agriculture

    The future National Strategy on Green Infrastructure, Ecological Connectivity and Restoration (under elaboration) seeks to set the guidelines for the identification and conservation of green infrastructure in Spain's ecosystem-base (terrestrial and maritime) so that land use and sectoral planning of public administrations can ensure the connectivity and functionality of ecologicla services, climate adaptation and mitigation, combat the defragmentation of strategic zones for biodiversity protection and promote restoration of degraded ecosystems.
    ContactMinistry for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
  • Others

    The future Law for Sustainable Mobility and urban transport financing (under elaboration) is expected to provide a regulatory framework for the future Strategy on Sustainable Mobility (under elaboration) that will define infrastructure policy for the next decades.
    ContactMinistry of Transportation, movility and Urban Agenda

5.International Cooperation

  • ResponseRecoveryRedesign
    Spain has recently approved the “Strategy for the common response of the Spanish Cooperation to the COVID-19 Crisis”, a renewed Spanish cooperation strategy focused on the response to the COVID-19 crisis, and other global challenges such as climate change.
    Furthermore Spain´s climate change support for developing countries is articulated through financial contributions and through different types of instruments from several departments/ministries (including regional and local administration) and other entities and organizations supporting activities in developing countries. This support includes contributions to the main climate change funds (GCF, GEV, AF) and capacity building and technology transfer activities (both, on adaptation and mitigation sectors). The reported Spanish public climate support for the year 2018 (last data available) amounted to EUR 694.9 million. This support is aligned with the needs and priorities of developing countries as reflected in their Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Agreement and will consider updated needs considering the COVID-19 Crisis. The latest information on this financial support as well as capacity builing and technology support can be found in the 4th Biennial Report to the UNFCCC.Strategy for the common response of the Spanish Cooperation to the COVID-19 Crisis. Renewed Spanish cooperation strategy focused on the reponse to the COVID-19 crisis
    ContactMinistry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation -Strategy for the common response of the Spanish Cooperation to the COVID-19 Crisis
    International Climate finance - Several Ministries (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation; Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation; Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation; Ministry for Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge) and other entities and organizations supporting activities in developing countries.