Policies, measures and actions on climate change and
environmental protection in the context of COVID-19 recovery.
Minister of the Environment, Waters and Forests
- Emergency measures in the short term (a few months to one year) to address concerns that have directly emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic and may include forced action.
- Socioeconomic measures in the medium term (one to a few years) with an environmental and climate focus to “build back better” from COVID-19, and usually involves planned, intentional action.
- Paradigm shifts and measures in the long term (more than a few years to a few decades) toward redesigning current socioeconomic and sociocultural systems to be sustainable and resilient.
1.Climate mitigation measures
Technological innovation (digitalization / hydrogen/ CCUS‚ etc.)RecoveryRedesignEMERGENCY ORDINANCE no. 38/2020 of March 30, 2020 on the use of documents in electronic form at the level of public authorities and institutions:
The provisions of art. 50 of the annex no. 1 to the Decree no. 195/2020 regarding the establishment of a state of emergency in Romania stipulates that the public administration authorities shall take the necessary measures to organize the activity in order to avoid, as far as possible, direct contact between persons, including by using electronic means of communication, considering that one of the modalities of implementation at the level of public administration of the measures mentioned in Decree no. 195/2020 implies the creation of the legal framework necessary for the use of electronic signatures and electronic documents, taking into account the need to recognize the full legal effects of the electronic documents and electronic signatures, so that the activity of public institutions and authorities can be carried out by electronic means and under conditions of legality. In the context of declaring a state of emergency on the territory of Romania, in order to ensure a proper functioning of public institutions and authorities, the urgent adoption of the aforementioned measures, was necessary.Reference(MONITORUL OFICIAL NR. 289 din 7 aprilie 2020)
https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/gm3domrwgeza/ordonanta-de-urgenta-nr-38-2020-privind-utilizarea-inscrisurilor-in-forma-electronica-la-nivelul-autoritatilor-si-institutiilor-publiceContactGovernment of Romania
Technological innovation (digitalization / hydrogen/ CCUS‚ etc.)RecoveryRedesignDECISION no. 285 of April 9, 2020 for the modification and completion of the Government Decision no. 1,235 / 2010 on the approval of the implementation of the National Electronic System for online payment of fees and taxes using the bank card:
In order to pay the taxes (payment obligations) to the general consolidated budget by using electronic means of payment or other means of payment (established by decision of the President of the Romanian Digitalization Authority), the public institutions which carry out activities for the collection of these obligations will be registered in National Online Electronic Payment System in order to provide information regarding the amount and to ensure access to an electronic payment solution of the respective obligations.Reference(MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 305 din 10 aprilie 2020)
https://www.ilegis.ro/oficiale/index/act/224790ContactGovernment of Romania
Technological innovation (digitalization / hydrogen/ CCUS‚ etc.)ResponseEMERGENCY ORDINANCE no. 58 of April 23, 2020 on taking measures for the proper functioning of the education system (alternative didactic method of teaching online mode):
Taking into account the extraordinary situation created by the long-term suspension of courses for pupils and students in the context of the necessity to minimize the negative effects of COVID-19 pandemic, appropriate measures could not have been postponed. Failure to take appropriate measures in order to end the school/university year in proper conditions would have led to serious consequences for the whole education system and for the good development of the planned activities. Therefore, during the national state of emergency, pre-university education units conducted, if possible, activities from the curricula, in online format.Reference(MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 347 din 29 aprilie 2020)
http://legislatie.just.ro/Public/DetaliiDocumentAfis/225320ContactGovernment of Romania
RecoveryRedesignNATIONAL INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC RECOVERY PLANReferencehttps://gov.ro/fisiere/programe_fisiere/Planul_Na%C8%9Bional_de_Investi%C8%9Bii_%C8%99i_Relansare_Economic%C4%83.pdfContactGovernment of Romania, July 2020
Sustainable transportationRedesignContinuation of the Rabla and Rabla Plus programs that contribute to the reduction of transport emissions:
The "Rabla" program finances an amount of 6,500 lei (1,380 EUR) for the purchase of a new vehicle, less polluting, in exchange for the disposal of a used car, thus reducing the CO2 emissions. Since 2005, the start year of this program and until present, 660,818 used cars have been put out of circulation and 415,256 new vehicles have been purchased.
The "Rabla PLUS" program finances an amount of 45,000 lei (9,600EUR) for the purchase of a new electric vehicle, respectively 20,000 lei (4,250EUR) for the purchase of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, without being conditioned by the disposal of a used vehicle.
A number of 2,350 electric and hybrid plug-in electric vehicles were marketed, as follows:
- in 2018, 810 plug-in hybrid electric and electric vehicles, of which 699 were full electric vehicles and 111 were plug-in hybrid electric vehicles;
- in 2019, 1,540 electric and electric plug-in hybrid vehicles, of which 1,311 were full electric and 229 were plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.Referencehttps://gov.ro/fisiere/programe_fisiere/Planul_Na%C8%9Bional_de_Investi%C8%9Bii_%C8%99i_Relansare_Economic%C4%83.pdfContactGovernment of Romania, July 2020, through Ministy of Environment, Waters and Forests- Environment Fund Administration
Sustainable transportationRedesignContinuation of the program for the development of the electric vehicle recharging infrastructure in Romania;Referencehttps://gov.ro/fisiere/programe_fisiere/Planul_Na%C8%9Bional_de_Investi%C8%9Bii_%C8%99i_Relansare_Economic%C4%83.pdfContactGovernment of Romania, July 2020, through Ministy of Environment, Waters and Forests- Environment Fund Administration
Sustainable transportationRedesignContinuation of the "Green" transport development programs by financing electric buses / cng (compressed natural gas) in municipalities and localities;ContactGovernment of Romania, July 2020, through Ministy of Environment, Waters and Forests- Environment Fund Administration
Building sectorRedesignLaunch in 2020 of the program to increase energy efficiency in public and private buildings;
OthersRedesignLaunch in 2020 of the Program to increase energy efficiency in public street lighting;
OthersRedesignLaunch in 2020 of the Emission reduction program by increasing energy efficiency in centralized power systems thermal energy of localities;
Land sectorRedesignLaunch in 2020 of the Emission reduction program by afforestation;
Household sectorRedesignLaunch in 2020 of the program to increase energy efficiency by replacing used electrical and electronic equipment with some more efficient equipment in terms of consumption.
Household sectorRedesignLaunch in 2020 of the financing programs for the installation of photovoltaic panels for both households connected to the electricity network and for isolated ones. The program for installing photovoltaic panels for the production of electricity from solar energy in households connected to the distribution network will enable the beneficiaries to cover their own consumption needs and to deliver the surplus to the distribution network. The program started in January 2019 with the validation of the installers and the registration of beneficiaries will begin in September. It is expected that between 25,000 and 30,000 individuals will receive funding.
The program for installing photovoltaic panels for the production of electricity from solar energy in isolated households, not connected to the electricity distribution network started in April 2019, being in the evaluation phase of the applications for financing. Under this program it is anticipated that approx. 7,500 individuals will receive funding.
2.Climate adaptation measures
HealthResponseCOVID-19 Official Platform online platform (centralizes only information from secure sources)Referencehttps://stirioficiale.ro/informatiiContactThe Government of Romania, through the Authority for the Digitization of Romania and the non-governmental organization Code for Romania
Adaptation planningRecoveryRedesignNATIONAL INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC RECOVERY PLAN The objective of the new development model proposed by the Government is to ensure convergence with European economies, allowing the Gross Domestic Product per capita at standard purchasing parity to reach 87% of the EU27 average by 2025. The plan contains:
1.MACROECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS AND POLICIES ADOPTED IN COVID -19 CONTEXT
1.1. Macroeconomic situation in the context of COVID-19
1.2. Budgetary policy in the context of COVID-19
1.3. Fiscal and budgetary support policies in the context of COVID-19
1.4. Employment support and protection programs for the jobs affected by the COVID-19 crisis
1.5. Digitalization and de-bureaucratization measures in administration and economy sectors
1.6. Romania's development priorities financed from European funds in the period 2021 - 2027
2. GRANTS, GUARANTEE SCHEMES AND SUPPORT PROGRAMS
2.1. Support grants for companies
2.2. Guarantee schemes and tools to support liquidity in the economy
2.3. Financial-banking instruments for increasing capitalization and financing investments
2.4. Active employment and social protection measures
3. NATIONAL INVESTMENT PLAN
3.1. Transport infrastructure
3.2. Investments in energy infrastructure, economy and business environment
3.3. Health infrastructure
3.4. Infrastructure for education
3.5. Investments in local development
3.6. Agricultural and irrigation infrastructure
3.7. Environmental investments
3.8. Sports infrastructureContactGOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA, JULY 2020
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
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- The European Commission
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- Sao Tome and Principe
- The United Kingdom