Policies, measures and actions on climate change and
environmental protection in the context of COVID-19 recovery.
Last update2 Sept. 2020
- Emergency measures in the short term (a few months to one year) to address concerns that have directly emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic and may include forced action.
- Socioeconomic measures in the medium term (one to a few years) with an environmental and climate focus to “build back better” from COVID-19, and usually involves planned, intentional action.
- Paradigm shifts and measures in the long term (more than a few years to a few decades) toward redesigning current socioeconomic and sociocultural systems to be sustainable and resilient.
1.Climate mitigation measures
ResponseRecoveryRedesignThe COVID-19 pandemic has huge impacts on most aspects of human activities, as well as on environment. Isolation and quarantine measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus has resulted in numerous impacts on the environment and the climate. The self-isolation regime, the reduction of transport and industrial waste has led to a significant cleanup of air and water resources in large cities.
Even before the pandemic, we have always called for a reduction in emissions. Very active awareness measures are being implemented in this sphere by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. For instance, campaign under the slogan “Sunday without cars” was held in Baku.
Today the air quality in Baku has significantly improved as a result of the reduction of transport. This once again confirms the simple idea that reducing emissions results in air purification.ContactNational Hydrometeorology Service Mr. Fuad Humbatov ; Mr. Jeyhun Hasanov
RedesignTaking into account the problems associated with climate, the Baku Transport Agency is also implementing an interesting project to measure the damage caused by vehicles to the air. The main goal of the project, called the Air Quality Index, is to conduct a comparative analysis of environmental indicators. The main objective of the project is to obtain information on traffic density using sensitive sensors and reduce the impact of density on the environment. Thus, these sensors, installed in three locations in the capital, analyze the amount of nitrogen, sulfur, carbon monoxide and other harmful gases in the air. This indicates the level of air pollution from harmful gases emitted from cars. The main goal of the agency is to draw attention to the urban environment, which is important for the health of each of us.ContactNational Hydrometeorology Service Mr. Fuad Humbatov ; Mr. Jeyhun Hasanov
2.Climate adaptation measures
OthersResponseRecoveryAs you know, the coronavirus mainly affects the respiratory system. This factor increases the need for measures to improve air quality. One of the factors affecting the environment is the oxygen level in the atmosphere. Of course, green areas and forests are the main sources of oxygen enriching our lives. In recent years, millions of trees have been planted in the country as a whole, and this work continues today. As we know some trees (mainly pine trees) emits phytoncide that contributes to reducing of infectious diseases.ContactNational Hydrometeorology Service Mr. Fuad Humbatov ; Mr. Jeyhun Hasanov
Citizens' lives (behaviour change) / employmentRedesignAs a certain number of employees were allowed to perform their duties, the control measures were taken in the service areas of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. During the pandemic, as in other areas of the environment, there has been a significant decline in illegal hunting.ContactState Environmental Safety Service
4.Other environmental measures
Waste management and Circular economy / sustainable production and consumptionResponseRelevant measures are being taken to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection and to ensure the safety of citizens by analyzing the situation and development in the country in connection with the global pandemic.ContactEnvironmental policy division Ms. Leyla Aliyeva ; Mr. Mehman Nabiyev
Waste management and Circular economy / sustainable production and consumptionResponseRecoveryIn addition, warning instructions were sent to the relevant executive bodies and large shopping centers, as well as to all medical institutions to ensure the management of hazardous medical waste in accordance with the requirements of existing legislation, in order to take preventive measures against coronavirus in crowded areas (parks, malls, recreation centers, public catering facilities).ContactEnvironmental policy division Ms. Leyla Aliyeva ; Mr. Mehman Nabiyev
OthersResponseRecoveryRedesignIn the post-COVID-19 period, there will be a need to strengthen control over the efficient and economical use of natural resources without compromising the ecological balance in order to meet the socio-economic needs of society.
It is intended to develop a “Response Strategy against COVID-19” on the basis of the UN framework document “Urgent socio-economic measures against COVID-19” (Coordinating body is the Ministry of Economy). The strategy envisages capacity building of existing health services, social protection and provision of necessary services, support for small and medium enterprises and job protection, formation of macroeconomic policies and financial incentives, promotion of investment in social cohesion and community sustainability. Environmental protection issues will be taken into account in each of the areas envisaged during the development of the strategy. A working group consisting of representatives of relevant government agencies has been established to develop the strategy.ContactEnvironmental policy division Ms. Leyla Aliyeva ; Mr. Mehman Nabiyev
COVID19 recovery and other environmental issuesResponseRecoveryManagement of hazardous medical waste generated during a pandemic is important in preventing the spread of the virus. In this regard, necessary measures have been taken to collect, transport and neutralize hazardous medical waste, as well as to safely manage the wastewater. “Instructions on collection, neutralization and disposal of medical waste during the fight against COVID-19” was delivered to medical institutions. The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources provided transportation and disposal of 5648 m3 of hazardous medical waste generated in 58 medical institutions and quarantine hotels.ContactEnvironmental policy division Ms. Leyla Aliyeva ; Mr. Mehman Nabiyev
OthersResponseRecoveryRedesignThe Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Azerbaijan cooperates with the relevant Ministries, UN bodies and agencies, and with other international organisations in the field of environment.The delegates from the Ministry are attended the webinars, online conferences in the field of coordination of pandemic and environmental issues. The reports regarding the COVİD-19 impacts on environment sent by the Secretariats of Conventions are being analyzed.
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