Transition to renewable energy
Energy supply by photovoltaic (PV) power plants by concentrated and distributed generation (Energy auctions and regulation of distributed generation.
Electric energy trading regulations establishes that electric power distribution companies must ensure provision to their electric energy markets. Auctions are promoted including, but not limited to, the objectives of contracting energy at the lowest possible price and attracting investors for the construction of new plants, including PV plants. A Normative Resolution provides a set of rules for Distributed Generation that regulates consumer generation surplus supply to the local distribution network.
In Brazil, the inclusion of low-emission sources starts in the planning stage and includes projections for a 10-year horizon. Auctions to buy energy are carried out 6 years in advance. This system provides the guarantee needed for these undertakings to be inserted in the energy-generating complex.
The Plan for 10-year horizon also presents detailed actions aimed at mitigating greenhouse gas emissions in the energy sector, considering as a basis the expansion of hydro-energy supply and the supply of renewable alternative sources, notably wind energy plants, small hydro-power plants and bioelectricity, expansion of biofuel supply and the increase in energy efficiency.
One of the country’s most distinctive characteristics is its energy mix, with a significant share of renewable sources particularly in the generation of electric energy, affording a low-carbon profile to the sector. Maintaining this profile in the future, considering the need for economic, growth poses a great challenge to Brazil.
The actions for the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions must comply with the elements of the national energy policy, such as energy security in response to demand, affordability of prices and tariffs and the universalization of access to energy, in addition to the competitiveness between the sources and the use of national technology.
Furthermore, in the context of global climate change and its impacts (droughts and extreme droughts) on the Brazilian water security, the importance of other renewable sources such as wind energy and solar PV, has become strategic to complement the production of energy
in order to meet the demand of economic activities in the country.).
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