Policies, measures and actions on climate change and
environmental protection in the context of COVID-19 recovery.
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Special Assistant to PM on Climate Change
Malik Amin Aslam
- Emergency measures in the short term (a few months to one year) to address concerns that have directly emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic and may include forced action.
- Socioeconomic measures in the medium term (one to a few years) with an environmental and climate focus to “build back better” from COVID-19, and usually involves planned, intentional action.
- Paradigm shifts and measures in the long term (more than a few years to a few decades) toward redesigning current socioeconomic and sociocultural systems to be sustainable and resilient.
1.Climate mitigation measures
Sustainable transportationResponse Recovery RedesignNational Electric Vehcile Policy: In order to mitigate the negative impacts of automobile sector on environment and giving a boost to the economy, Government of Pakistan has approved its National Electric Vehicle Policy targeting a 30% shift to electric by 2030.Reference Final document is yet to be publishedContact Ministry of Climate Change
OthersResponse Recovery Redesign10 Billion Tree Tsunami Project: 10BTT Project is built on highly successful initiative of KPK’s Billion Trees Afforestation Project (BTAP). The outcomes of BTAP have been duly acknowledged by World Economic Forum, United Nations Environment Programme, Bonn Challenge and other international bodies and fora. Following the success and confirmation by the independent monitors, Government of Pakistan decided to set a goal of 10 Billion Tree Plantation across the country. This wider project is expected to deliver dividend in preserving atmospheric health, reducing greenhouse gas effects, lowering cases of random floods, lowering rains, droughts and enhancing other biodiversity supportive actionsReference http://www.tbttp.gov.pkContact Ministry of Climate Change
2.Climate adaptation measures
OthersResponse Recovery RedesignLaunch of Eco-system Restoration Initiative: Government of Pakistan has launched the Eco-system Restoration Initiative (ESRI) for (i) facilitating transition towards environmentally resilient Pakistan by main streaming adaptation and mitigation through ecologically targeted initiatives covering afforestation, biodiversity conservation, enabling and enhancing policy environment consistent with the objectives outlined in Pakistan’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC); and (ii) attaining Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) by restoring at least 30% of degraded forest, 5% of degraded cropland, 6% of degraded grassland (rangeland) and 10% of degraded wetlands in Pakistan by 2030 to generate eco-system services and provide additional support to mitigation of GHG in Pakistan. The initiative also seeks to establish an independent, transparent and comprehensive financial mechanism in Pakistan called “Eco-system Restoration Fund (ESRF)” to finance the projects and programmes under the initiative.Contact Ministry of Climate Change
WaterResponse Recovery RedesignRecharge Pakistan: Pakistan is a country without a choice on climate adaptation as it is facing up to the impacts at ground “zero”. Our climate adaptation needs are between $7 to $14 billion per annum and this is all forced adaptation. This, subsequently, makes climate compatible development an inevitable direction to take and building resilience of our vulnerable communities as well as our infrastructure, an undeniable option. Pakistan is launching this new initiative titled; “Recharge Pakistan through Integrated Flood Risk Management and Building Resilience to Climate Change through Ecosystem-based Adaptation”. The components of the project are; a) Ecosystem-based Adaptation for Integrated Flood Risk and Water Resources Management, b) Enhancing Resilience of Vulnerable Communities to Climate Change, c) Enabling a Paradigm Shift towards Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Pakistan. The project would impact around 10 million vulnerable people at reduced risk from floods and benefit from climate-adapted livelihoods by year 2030.Contact Ministry of Climate Change
OthersResponse Recovery RedesignProtected Areas Initiative: “Protected Area Initiative” to develop 15 model Protected Areas across country to conserve over 7295.549 Sq km of land area as well as Green Stimulus creation of over 5,500 jobsContact Ministry of Climate Change
OthersResponseGreen Economic Stimulus: During the current situation of pandemic COVID-19, Ministry of Climate Change has launched Green Economic Stimulus which aims at promoting environmental activities which can also have economic impacts. The Stimulus would focus on creating livelihood opportunities for daily wagers in the forestry and waste management sectors.Contact Ministry of Climate Change
4.Other environmental measures
Waste management and Circular economy / sustainable production and consumptionResponseClean Green Index: A “Clean-Green Cities Index” has been initiated in 20 cities to trigger a shift towards improved waste management and sanitation.Reference https://cleangreen.gov.pk/Contact Ministry of Climate Change
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