Policies, measures and actions on climate change and
environmental protection in the context of COVID-19 recovery.
- Emergency measures in the short term (a few months to one year) to address concerns that have directly emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic and may include forced action.
- Socioeconomic measures in the medium term (one to a few years) with an environmental and climate focus to “build back better” from COVID-19, and usually involves planned, intentional action.
- Paradigm shifts and measures in the long term (more than a few years to a few decades) toward redesigning current socioeconomic and sociocultural systems to be sustainable and resilient.
1.Climate mitigation measures
OthersResponse Recovery RedesignReduce dependency on fossile fuels and conserve environment by increasing access to clean and cost effective energy (Solar Energy, Wind Energry and Mini hydropowers etc).Reference https://aepc.gov.np/uploads/docs/2018-06-24_Rural%20Energy%20Policy,%202006%20(English).pdf https://www.moewri.gov.np/storage/listies/August2020/alternative-energy-bill-draft1.pdf https://www.moewri.gov.np/storage/listies/June2020/annual-development-program-2077-78.pdfContact Ministry of Energy, Alternative Energy Promotion Center, Water Resources and Irrigation , Ministry of Forests and Environment
OthersResponse Recovery RedesignLow carbon emission and enegry efficient technologies will be promoted in sectoral development activitiesContact Ministry of Forests and Environment
Transition to renewable energyResponse Recovery RedesignPromotion of Rural Energy (imroved cook stoves, E-cooking, contribute to rural poverty reduction and environmental conservation by ensuring access to clean, reliable and appropriate energy in the rural areas)Contact Ministry of Energy, Water Resource and Irrigation
Sustainable transportationResponse Recovery RedesignInvestment for electric transportation in Nepal, thereby significantly reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transport sector (E-Mobility).Reference https://gggi.org/site/assets/uploads/2018/07/GGGI-Nepal_Action-Plan-for-Electric-Mobility.pdfContact Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport, Ministry of Forests and Environment
2.Climate adaptation measures
Adaptation planningResponse Recovery RedesignClimate change impact assessment conducted every five years icluding health amd saftey. Contribute Socio-economic prosperity of nation by building climate resilient societyReference https://climate.mohp.gov.np/downloads/h-nap.pdf https://mofe.gov.np/downloadfile/%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A3-%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B7%E0%A4%A3-%E0%A4%90%E0%A4%A8-%E0%A5%A8%E0%A5%A6%E0%A5%AD%E0%A5%AC_1573016284.pdfContact Ministry of Forests and Environment. Ministry of Health and Popuplation
HealthResponse Recovery RedesignPreparedness, forecasting and prevention mechanism will be developed to avoid the epidemic of vector-borne and communicable diseases induced by climate changeReference https://mofe.gov.np/downloadfile/%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A3-%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B7%E0%A4%A3-%E0%A4%90%E0%A4%A8-%E0%A5%A8%E0%A5%A6%E0%A5%AD%E0%A5%AC_1573016284.pdfContact Ministry of Forests and Environment. Ministry of Health and Popuplation
Adaptation planningRecovery RedesignPreparedness and response will be made effective by developing monitoring, forecasting and early warning system for disasters like flood, landslide, land erosion, drought, lightning, windstorm, heat wave, cold wave, forest fire, fire, epidemic etcContact Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Energy, Water Resource and Irrigation, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM)
WaterResponse Recovery RedesignWater sources will be protected besides development and expansion of rainwater harvesting and storage and water efficient technologies to increase access to and easy availability of drinking waterReference https://mofe.gov.np/downloadfile/LAPA%20framework_Nep_1589084739.pdf http://asha.gov.np/%e0%a4%9c%e0%a4%b2%e0%a4%b5%e0%a4%be%e0%a4%af%e0%a5%81-%e0%a4%aa%e0%a4%b0%e0%a4%bf%e0%a4%b5%e0%a4%b0%e0%a5%8d%e0%a4%a4%e0%a4%a8-%e0%a4%85%e0%a4%a8%e0%a5%81%e0%a4%95%e0%a5%82%e0%a4%b2%e0%a4%a8-3/Contact Ministry of Energy, Water Resource and Irrigation
Citizens’ lives (behaviour change) / employmentRedesignAdaptation measures will be adopted in line with local and indigenous knowledge, skills and technologies by identifying climate change affected households, communities and risk zones.Contact Ministry of Forests and Environment, Ministry of Women, Children and Senior Citizen
GovernanceLivelihoods will be facilitated by mainstreaming good governance and gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) into formulation of policies, institutional framework and implementation of programs related to climate.
Urban/rural development (energy access etc.)Response Recovery RedesignClimate smart villages and cities will be built by developing safe, sustainable and resilient habitats and infrastructures. ( Nepal Climate Model Program has been stated to build climate resilient local level and communitiesContact Ministry of Urban Development
Make research, technology development and information service delivery related to climate change effective. Climate Change Research Center will be established to fascilate research, technology development and expansions related to climate mitigation and adaptation.Contact Ministry of Forests and Environment, Deparment of Hydrology and Meteorology, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), Central Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Environmental Science
Sustainable finance (public/private)/market mechanisms/carbon pricingNational resources will be identified for implementation of climate change related policies, and all resources will be mobilized judiciously by increasing bilateral, multilateral and international financial resources pertaining thereto.Contact Ministry of Forests and Environment
4.Other environmental measures
OthersRecovery RedesignCommon Risk and Challenges related to Public, Environment health impacts will be managed effectively by proper monitoring, controlling pendamics and zoonotic diseases in line with the one health approach.Reference https://s3-ap-southeast-1.amazonaws.com/prod-gov-agriculture/server-assets/publication-1579756542676-522ba.pdfContact Ministry of Agriculture and Livstock Development, Ministry of Health and Population, Ministry of Forests and Environment
Waste management and Circular economy / sustainable production and consumptionResponse Recovery RedesignEnhance community relation by demonstrating a commitment to environmental protection to maintain the clean and healthy environment by minimizing the adverse effects of the solid waste in the public health and environment
Other environmental pollution countermeasuresResponse Recovery RedesignEnsuring right to live with clean and healthy environment by controling pollution, managing waste and promoting greenary. Envionmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) are provisioned for balanced development and environment Protection.Contact Department of Environment, Ministry of Forests and Environment
Naional Climate Change Policy, 2019, Local Adaptation Plan for Action (LAPA) Framework, 2019,Environment Protection Act, 2019, Environemtn Protection Regulations 2020 are in place. National Action Plan for Electric Mobility has been formed to accelerate the electric mobility in urban areas. Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) is in the process of revision to form enhaced NDC by the end of this year. National Adaptation Plan (NAP) is being formulating with broad consultation with statkeholders.
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